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Equatorial Guinea

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Equatorial Guinea, independent republic in western Africa, consisting of a mainland section called Mbini (formerly Rio Muni) on the western coast and the coastal islets of Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico as well as the islands of Bioko (formerly Macias Nguema Biyogo and previously Fernando Poo), and Annobon (Pagalu) in the Gulf of Guinea. The total area of Equatorial Guinea is 28,051 sq km (10,831 sq mi).

Government

Under the 1982 constitution, Equatorial Guinea was a single-party state. This governmental party was named the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea in 1987. A new multiparty constitution was approved by public referendum in 1991. It established an 80-member House of Representatives to replace the existing 41-member legislature. Under the constitution, the voters elect a president to a seven-year term and legislators to five-year terms.

Sources

Equatorial Guinea

Fegley, Randall. Equatorial Guinea. ABC-CLIO, 1992. Overview of historical and contemporary developments in Equatorial Guinea.

Klitgaard, Robert. Tropical Gangsters: Development & Decadence in Deepest Africa. Basic Books, 1990. The author's memories of three years of work in a humanitarian relief program, the warmth of the local people, and the government corruption that perpetuates their struggle.

Liniger-Goumaz, Max. Historical Dictionary of Equatorial Guinea. 3rd ed. Scarecrow, 1998.

Contributors

Microsoft Encarta 2009. 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

 
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