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Africa

Guinea

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Guinea, formerly People’s Revolutionary Republic of Guinea, independent nation in western Africa, bounded on the north by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali; on the east and southeast by Cote d’Ivoire; on the south by Liberia and Sierra Leone; and on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. The total area of the country, including the Los Islands of Conakry, is 245,857 sq km (94,926 sq mi). Conakry is the capital and largest city.

Government

A military coup overthrew Guinea’s government in 1984. The military rulers oversaw the writing of a new constitution, which was approved in a national referendum in 1990. It authorized a transitional government to oversee the change to a two-party, civilian system with a unicameral legislature of 114 seats and universal adult suffrage. In 1992 amendments authorized an unlimited number of political parties. The head of state is a directly elected president. In 2001 a constitutional amendment removed the two-term limit on the presidency and extended the presidential term of office from five to seven years.

Sources

Republic of Guinea

O'Toole, Thomas, and Ibrahima Bah-Lalya. Historical Dictionary of Guinea. 3rd ed. Scarecrow, 1995. Important people and events in the history of this West African nation.

Contributors

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.

 
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