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Deeper web pages:

>  Early

>  Ancient Nile Valley

>  Ancient Egypt

>  Egyptian Mythology

>  Egyptian Art and Architecture

>  Iron Age

>  Early North

>  West Empires

>  Early East

>  Early Central

>  Early South

>  North to the 1870s

>  West to the 1870s

>  East to the 1870s

>  Central to the 1870s

>  South to the 1870s

>  Scramble

>  Colonial Rule

>  Independence

>  21st Century

>  Atlantic Slave Trade

At some point between 130,000 and 90,000 years ago the first true human beings, Homo sapiens, evolved in eastern and southern Africa. These Stone Age humans had the same capacity for thought as modern human beings. They were capable of making tools such as hooks and needles made of bone, and precise stone blades. These stone blades could be used as scrapers and hand-knives, or attached to poles and sticks for use as spears or arrows. By 90,000 years ago Homo sapiens had begun to move out of Africa into the Middle East, Europe, Central Asia, and beyond. All modern human beings are descended from these original African ancestors.


The History section of this article was contributed by Kevin Shillington.

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