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Republic of the Congo

Legislative power, DRC, head of state, Zaire, Congo-Brazzaville

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Republic of the Congo or Congo-Brazzaville, republic in west central Africa, bounded on the north by Cameroon and the Central African Republic, on the east and south by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, formerly Zaire), on the southwest by Angola (Cabinda enclave) and the Atlantic Ocean, and on the west by Gabon. Formerly called People’s Republic of the Congo, the republic has an area of 342,000 sq km (132,000 sq mi). Brazzaville is the capital and largest city.

Government

Under a 2002 constitution, the Congo is a democracy with a president as head of state. The president is popularly elected to a seven-year term. The president appoints a cabinet of ministers. Legislative power is vested in a 137-seat National Assembly and a 66-seat Senate.

Sources

Republic of the Congo

Decalo, Samuel, and others, eds. Historical dictionary of Congo. Rev. ed. Scarecrow, 1996. Guide to people, places, and events in Congo history.

Martin, Phyllis M. Leisure and Society in Colonial Brazzaville. Cambridge University Press, 1996. Political power, religious belief, consciousness of class and race as forces in daily life under French rule.

O'Hanlon, Redmond. No Mercy: A Journey to the Heart of the Congo. Knopf, 1997. British travel writer O'Hanlon boats and hikes into the wilds of the Republic of the Congo.

Contributors

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.



Article key phrases:

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