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Macao

capitalist economic system, Communist country, Guangdong Province, Pearl River, Macao

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Macao or Macau, administrative region of China, on China’s southeastern coast. The last European colony in Asia, Macao was administered by Portugal from 1556 until 1999, when it became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China. As a SAR of China, a Communist country, Macao will maintain its capitalist economic system for 50 years after 1999, an arrangement China refers to as “one country, two systems.” This separate status is similar to that of Hong Kong, which transferred from British to Chinese rule in 1997.

Macao is located west of the mouth of the Zhu Jiang (Pearl River) estuary and borders China’s Guangdong Province to the north. It is 60 km (40 mi) southwest of Hong Kong, which is located on the opposite side of the Zhu Jiang estuary, and 110 km (70 mi) south of the city of Guangzhou.

Contributors

Pannell, Clifton W., A.B., A.M., Ph.D. Professor of Geography and Associate Dean, Franklin College of Arts & Sciences, University of Georgia. Author of T’ai-chung, T’ai-wan: Structure and Function and coauthor of China: The Geography of Modemization and Development.

Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation.



Article key phrases:

capitalist economic system, Communist country, Guangdong Province, Pearl River, Macao, Hong Kong, Portugal, Macau, Asia, west, mouth, systems, years

 
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