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Antigua and Barbuda


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Antigua and Barbuda is a constitutional monarchy. The British monarch, represented by a governor-general, is the head of state.

Executive and Legislature

The prime minister is the head of government. There are two legislative houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate; both have 17 seats. One of the seats in the House of Representatives is allocated to Barbuda and all members are elected for up to five-year terms by universal adult suffrage. The Senate is composed of 11 members appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister, 4 on the advice of the leader of the opposition, 1 at the discretion of the governor-general, and 1 on the advice of the Barbudan Council, which is responsible for local government on that island.

The two main political parties in Antigua and Barbuda are the United Progressive Party (UPP) and the Antigua Labour Party (ALP). The Barbuda People’s Movement (BPM) is one of the larger minority parties.

Health and Welfare

The state provides free medical care, and the social security system supplies benefits for senior citizens and sick or disabled people. Life expectancy is 70.3 years for males and 75.2 years for females (2008).

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