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Antigua and Barbuda

Land and Climate

Rainfall averages, volcanic rock, Coral reefs, tropical storms, Caribbean Sea

Antigua and Barbuda lies at the southern end of the Leeward Islands chain, which is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Caribbean Sea to the west. The country has a total area of 442 sq km (171 sq mi), of which Antigua accounts for 280 sq km (108 sq mi), Barbuda for 160.6 sq km (62 sq mi), and Redonda for 1.3 sq km (0.5 sq mi). The capital, largest town, and main port is Saint John’s, on Antigua. The country’s nearest neighbors are the islands of Saint Kitts and Nevis to the west, Montserrat to the southwest, and Guadeloupe to the south.

Antigua is low-lying with rolling hills made up of volcanic rock, coral, and limestone. Its highest point is Boggy Peak at 470 m (1,542 ft). The coastline is composed of coves and bays and is known for its 365 beaches. Barbuda is a flat coral island with areas of mangrove swamp and sandy beaches. Coral reefs encircle the island. Redonda is a small, uninhabited rocky islet.

The climate of the islands is tropical, but drier than that of the other Leeward Islands. Rainfall averages 1,000 mm (40 in) a year; other low-lying islands of the group receive about 1,250 to 2,000 mm (50 to 80 in). The wettest months are July to November. Temperatures range from 21° to 32°C (70° to 89°F), with the coolest months being January to March. The islands are at risk from tropical storms and hurricanes.

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