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Bahamas

History

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>  Colonial History

At the time of Columbusís landing in 1492, the Bahamas were inhabited by a group of Arawak Indians known as the Lucayans. Over the following decades, the Spanish carried off many of the original inhabitants to serve as slaves on other islands, and the native population was eventually decimated. Europeans did not establish a permanent settlement in the Bahamas until the mid-17th century.

Independence and Recent Events

In 1964 Britain granted the Bahamas internal autonomy. Some friction thereafter developed between white- and black-dominated political parties until the black Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) won control of the government in general elections in 1967. Its leader, Lynden O. Pindling, then became prime minister. Independence was achieved on July 10, 1973.

Pindling held power throughout the 1970s and 1980s, but chronic unemployment and allegations of government corruption and drug trafficking eventually eroded his support. In 1992 the Free National Movement won parliamentary elections, and Hubert Ingraham became prime minister. Ingraham and his party were reelected in 1997, but the PLP regained control in 2002 with Perry Christie as prime minister.

 
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