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West Indies Federation, parliamentary government, NNP, CARICOM, Leeward Islands

Grenada is an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations. Grenada recognizes the British monarch as its own monarch and head of state. The monarch is represented by a governor-general. Grenada has a parliamentary system of government and a written constitution that was adopted in 1973. The constitution was suspended and the parliament dissolved after a coup d’etat in 1979. Following a second coup and the United States-led military intervention in 1983, an Interim Advisory Council ruled Grenada until the constitution and parliamentary government were restored in December 1984.

Grenada’s parliament consists of an elected 15-member House of Representatives and a 13-member Senate appointed by the governor-general. The leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives is appointed prime minister by the governor-general. The prime minister wields executive authority. The cabinet is appointed by the governor-general on the recommendation of the prime minister. The main political parties in Grenada are the conservative New National Party (NNP), the liberal National Democratic Congress (NDC), and the right-wing Grenada United Labour Party (GULP).

Grenada is a member of the Organization of American States and the United Nations. From 1958 to 1962, it was a member of the West Indies Federation, and in the early 1960s it participated in unsuccessful attempts to form a federation linking the Leeward Islands and Windward Islands. Grenada is tied with other Caribbean countries through membership in the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM).

Article key phrases:

West Indies Federation, parliamentary government, NNP, CARICOM, Leeward Islands, Windward Islands, Commonwealth of Nations, written constitution, Caribbean Community, Caribbean countries, parliamentary system of government, majority party, Organization of American States, NDC, Common Market, GULP, executive authority, governor-general, head of state, independent state, United Nations, parliament, Grenada, recommendation, cabinet, leader, December, membership

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