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Grenada

Land

Grenada island measures about 34 km (21 mi) in length by 19 km (12 mi) in width. The heavily wooded, mountainous island is of volcanic origin. The highest peak is Mount Saint Catherine (840 m/2,756 ft). Valleys interspersed between the mountains are picturesque and fertile, and many contain swift-flowing streams. Lakes fill several volcano craters high in the mountains. The island also has hot springs, several mountain lakes, and excellent beaches. The beaches consist mainly of black volcanic sand. Coral reefs fringe much of the coastline.

The climate of Grenada is tropical, with an average annual temperature of 28 C (82 F) along the coast. A rainy season lasts from June to December, with November the wettest month. Annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 mm (40 in) in the southwest to 3,800 mm (150 in) in the mountains. Grenada lies on the southern edge of the Caribbean hurricane belt and was hit hard in 2004 by Hurricane Ivan.

Tropical rain forests in the interior of Grenada contain teak and mahogany trees. Mangroves grow in swamps near the coast. Wildlife is abundant. Animals include the nine-banded armadillo, mona monkey, green iguana, and Indian mongoose. Many tropical birds and unusual tropical flowers also thrive on the island.

 
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