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Saint Lucia

Land

The island of Saint Lucia is of volcanic origin. A forested mountain range traverses the island from north to south. The highest peak in the range is Mount Gimie (950 m/ 3,117 ft). In the south, Soufriere, a volcanic crater with hot sulfur springs, is a popular tourist destination. The Pitons, a pair of sharp peaks that rise dramatically from the ocean on the southwest coast, exemplify Saint Lucia’s picturesque beauty. The island’s mountains contain many streams and fertile valleys.

Saint Lucia has a tropical climate, with an average annual temperature of 26°C (79°F). The average annual rainfall ranges from about 1,500 mm (about 60 in) on the coast to more than 2,500 mm (more than 100 in) in the mountains. The rainy season lasts from May to August.

Rainforest originally covered almost the entire island. There has been a significant reduction in the amount of forest and wooded land. The main environmental issue is the building of tourist developments in ecologically sensitive areas. Soil erosion is a problem, especially in the north. Saint Lucia has made efforts to safeguard its natural habitats, however. Much of the remaining forest is protected, either for water supplies or for wildlife.

 
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