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Trinidad and Tobago


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Christopher Columbus landed on Trinidad on July 31, 1498, during his third voyage to the Americas. At that time, the island was populated by relatively peaceful Arawak, who engaged in primitive agriculture; fierce Caribs; and several other Native American peoples from South America. The Caribs resisted European colonization until the end of the 17th century. After that, they and other indigenous groups on the islands gradually succumbed to European diseases, such as smallpox, malaria, and yellow fever, and to the rigors of slavery. By 1824 there were 894 Native Americans recorded on the island. Today there are none. After the indigenous population died out, Africans were brought in to work the land as slaves.

Article key phrases:

European colonization, Christopher Columbus, yellow fever, smallpox, indigenous population, indigenous groups, malaria, Africans, Native Americans, voyage, slaves, South America, Trinidad, time, century, July, Americas, islands, end

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