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Montenegro

Narodna Skupstina, people of Montenegro, Balkan Peninsula, Montenegrins, Podgorica

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Montenegro, country in southeastern Europe, located on the Balkan Peninsula. Montenegro faces the Adriatic Sea, which separates it from Italy, and enjoys a Mediterranean climate. The land is mostly mountainous, with steep slopes jutting up from the sea to the inland borders. Slavic peoples, chiefly Montenegrins and Serbs, make up about three-quarters of the population. The administrative capital and largest city is Podgorica.

From 1946 to 1991 Montenegro was part of a larger federal state of Yugoslavia, which also included the republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia. That Yugoslav state broke apart in 1991 when several of the republics declared their independence. In 1992 Serbia and Montenegro proclaimed themselves the successor state to Yugoslavia and took the name Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). In 2003 the FRY adopted a new constitutional charter that gave the member republics more autonomy and changed the name of the country to Serbia and Montenegro. This union dissolved in June 2006 after the people of Montenegro voted in favor of independence from Serbia.

Government

Montenegro is governed under a constitution adopted in October 2007. The head of state is the president, who is directly elected to a five-year term and may serve two terms. A unicameral (single-chamber) parliament called the Narodna Skupstina (National Assembly) serves as the country’s legislative body. The 81 members of the National Assembly are elected by direct popular vote to four-year terms. The head of government is the prime minister, who is appointed by the president with National Assembly approval. All citizens aged 18 or older can vote. Montenegro was a partner with Serbia in the shared central government of Serbia and Montenegro until the union of the two republics was dissolved in June 2006.

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