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William Baffin, Northwest Passage, Red, island, leadership

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Greenland was first explored by Erik the Red, a Norwegian settler in Iceland and father of Leif Eriksson, toward the end of the 10th century, and Icelandic settlements were subsequently established there under his leadership. By the early 15th century, however, these settlements had vanished, and all contact with Greenland was lost. In the course of the search for the Northwest Passage, Greenland was sighted again. The English navigator John Davis visited the island in 1585, and his explorative work, together with that of the English explorers Henry Hudson and William Baffin, afforded knowledge of the west coast of Greenland.

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William Baffin, Northwest Passage, Red, island, leadership, century, knowledge, course, end, search, contact

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