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Samoa

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Samoa, independent island nation in the southern Pacific Ocean, located about 2,900 km (about 1,800 mi) northeast of New Zealand. It occupies the large western portion of the 480-km (300-mi) long Samoan archipelago that is divided at longitude 171° west; the Samoan islands east of this line form the United States territory of American Samoa. Known for many years as Western Samoa, the country changed its official name to Samoa in 1997. From the end of World War II in 1945 to its independence in 1962, Western Samoa was a United Nations trust territory administered by New Zealand. Apia is the country’s capital, largest town, and commercial center.

Sources

Samoa

Cox, Paul Alan. Nafanua: Saving the Samoan Rain Forest. Freeman, 1997. Combines the author's story of his experiences in conserving plant and animal life in the rain forest with a lively account of Samoan culture, including some of its ritual ceremonies.

Holmes, Lowell D., and Ellen Rhoads Holmes. Samoan Village: Then and Now. 2nd ed. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1992. Study and fieldwork from 1954 to 1988 highlighting the changes that occurred in a Samoan village.

Lay, Graeme. Samoa. Pasifika 1997. Reprint University of Hawaii Press, 2000. Introduction provides information on history, geography, politics, and culture. Accompanied by photographs by Samoan photographer Evotia Tamua.

Stevenson, Robert Louis. A Footnote to History: Eight Years of Trouble in Samoa. University of Hawaii Press, 1996. A well-known Scottish author writes of his Samoan experiences; first published in 1892.

Sutter, Frederic Koehler. The Samoans: A Global Family. University of Hawaii Press, 1989. Includes beautiful photographs as well as biographical details of famous Samoans.

Contributors

Kiste, Robert C., B.A., Ph.D. Professor of Hawaiian, Asian, and Pacific Studies and Director of the Center for Pacific Island Studies, University of Hawaii. Co-editor of Tides of History: The Pacific Islands in the Twentieth Century.

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Article key phrases:

Apia, Western Samoa, commercial center, longitude, end of World War II, line, capital, New Zealand, independence, country, years

 
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