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Economy, Agriculture

privatization, important crop, metric tons, state control, goats

After independence in 1962, most farmland in Algeria came under state control. In the early 1970s the state farming sector was dissolved and state-owned farmland was distributed to socialist cooperatives. Unsatisfactory crop production led to privatization in the late 1970s, and today most farms are privately owned. Farming accounts for only 9 percent of Algeria’s GDP. Productivity is low and Algeria must import about 75 percent of its food needs. The principal food crops in 2001 included cereals (1.9 million metric tons) such as wheat and barley, vegetables and melons (2.6 million), fruits (1.4 million) such as grapes, dates, and olives, and roots and tubers (1.2 million) such as potatoes. Tobacco is also an important crop. Of the livestock raised, sheep numbered 19.3 million in 2001, goats 3.5 million, and cattle 1.7 million. In the 1990s the government replanted many old vineyards in order to encourage the resurrection of winemaking, a traditional Algerian industry.

Article key phrases:

privatization, important crop, metric tons, state control, goats, grapes, potatoes, tubers, barley, melons, independence, livestock, olives, Tobacco, wheat, roots, sheep, fruits, vegetables, farms, cattle, dates, government, Productivity, order


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