Government, Political Parties
Algerian president, Renaissance Movement, Presidential appointments, FLN, constitutional amendment
From independence until 1991, the FLN dominated Algerian politics. After the 1992 elections were cancelled, the FIS, which sought to install an Islamic government, was banned; a 1996 constitutional amendment banned political parties based solely on religion or ethnicity.
About 40 parties participated in the 1997 elections. The National Democratic Rally (Rassemblement National Democratique, RND), a pro-government party closely allied with the Algerian president, won more than half the seats in the National People’s Assembly, far more than any other party. The RND and its coalition parties, the FLN and the Islamist Movement for Peaceful Society, one of two moderate Islamic-oriented parties allowed to participate, also won more than 80 percent of the seats in local elections. Presidential appointments and municipal selections to the Council of the Nation put the RND in firm control of the upper house of parliament as well. Other notable political parties include the Renaissance Movement, the Socialist Forces Front, the Rally for Culture and Democracy, and the Workers’ Party.
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