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Burundi, Population

Burundians, Bujumbura, Hutu, important city, population growth rate

The population of Burundi (2002 estimate) is 6,373,002. The overall density of 229 persons per sq km (593 per sq mi) is one of the highest in Africa. The population is 91 percent rural. Most Burundians live in family groupings dispersed throughout the highlands, and villages are uncommon. Instability due to violence between the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups in both Burundi and Rwanda has led to mass migrations. Most Hutu have fled Bujumbura and some have gone to Rwanda. Thousands of persecuted Rwandan Tutsi have crossed into Burundi. Burundiís life expectancy at birth is 46 years, among the lowest in the world, due to poverty, ethnic strife, and numerous diseases, including one of the highest incidences of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the world. The population growth rate in 2002 was an estimated 2.4 percent. The countryís capital and most important city is Bujumbura, on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika.

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Burundians, Bujumbura, Hutu, important city, population growth rate, poverty, villages, violence, highlands, AIDS, immunodeficiency syndrome, Instability, birth, Africa, world, estimate, persons, years


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