Cote d'Ivoire, Government
Republicains, universal adult suffrage, multiparty system, military coup, high crimes
Cote díIvoire is governed under a constitution that was adopted by public referendum in July 2000. The head of state is an elected president and the head of government is a prime minister, who is appointed by the president. The president and prime minister are advised by a council of ministers that is selected by the prime minister. The president and the 225 members of the unicameral National Assembly are all elected for five-year terms by universal adult suffrage. The Parti Democratique de la Cote díIvoire (PDCI; Democratic Party of Cote díIvoire) was the nationís only legal political party from 1960 to 1990, when a multiparty system was adopted. The other major parties are the social-democratic Front Populaire Ivoirien (FPI; Ivorian Popular Front) and the centrist Rassemblement des Republicains (RDR; Rally of Republicans). The PDCI retained control over the country until its leader was ousted in a military coup in December 1999. In legislative elections held in December 2000 and January 2001, the FPI won the most seats of any party in the National Assembly, with 96 seats to the PDCIís 94.
The judicial system includes a supreme court that comprises constitutional, judicial, administrative, and auditing chambers. A high court of justice is empowered to try government officials, including the president, for high crimes. Other courts include appellate, state security, and courts of first instance.
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