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Government, Political Parties and Groups
UDPS, AFDL, Mobutu, multiparty system, Kabila
In 1970 the party founded by Mobutu, the Popular Movement of the Revolution, became the only legal political party. In the early 1990s the country began a transition to a multiparty system. Many parties were formed, largely divided along ethnic or regional lines. The two main political groupings in the DRC are the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (Alliance des Forces Democratiques pour la Liberation du Congo, or AFDL), formerly led by Kabila, and the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), led by opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi. Smaller groups of significance are Antoine Gizenga’s United Lumumbist Party (PALU), the Union of Independent Democrats of Leon Kengo wa Dondo, and the Union of Federalists and Independent Republicans (UFERI), a group advocating decentralization, led by prominent opposition figure Nguza Karl-I-Bond. The MPR was banned after Kabila took control of the government. But many government officials, whose loyalties remain unclear, owe their positions to this organization.
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