EgyptAir, Arab-Israeli wars, Nile Delta, Suez Canal, Nile Valley
Egypt has 5,026 km (3,123 mi) of railroads, all of which are owned by the state. The principal line links Aswan and towns north of it in the Nile Valley to Alexandria on the Mediterranean coast. The inland waterways of Egypt are used extensively for transportation. These waterways include the Nile, which is navigable throughout its course in the country; about 1,600 km (about 1,000 mi) of shipping canals; and more than 17,700 km (11,000 mi) of irrigation canals in the Nile Delta.
Two highways connect Cairo with Alexandria. Other highways connect Cairo to Port Said, Suez, and Al Fayyum. The total length of highways and roads in Egypt is 64,000 km (40,000 mi). International airlines provide regular service between Cairo and Alexandria and major world centers. EgyptAir, the government-owned airline, also provides domestic and foreign service. The country has about 80 airports and airfields. The major seaport is Alexandria, followed by Port Said and Suez, all of which are served by numerous shipping companies. The Suez Canal, which was closed from 1967 until mid-1975 as a result of the Arab-Israeli wars of 1967 and 1973, produces substantial annual toll revenues. In the early 1990s about 16,600 vessels used the canal each year.
Article key phrases: