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Equatorial Guinea, Population

The population of Equatorial Guinea (2002 estimate) is 498,144, with many thousands more believed to be living abroad due to political conditions in the country. The overall population density is 18 persons per sq km (46 per sq mi). The population is composed almost entirely of black Africans. The Fang, indigenous to the mainland but now also living on Bioko Island, constitute more than 80 percent of the population. The Bubis, indigenous to Bioko Island, make up about 15 percent of the population. Several smaller ethnic groups live along the mainland coast. Spanish is the official language; however, Fang, a Bantu language, is the most widely spoken. About 90 percent of the people are members of the Roman Catholic church, although traditional beliefs are also widely practiced. The capital, largest city, and principal port of Equatorial Guinea is Malabo, formerly Santa Isabel (population, 1995 estimate, 30,000), on the northern coast of Bioko; Bata (1983, 24,100) is the largest town on the mainland.

 
 

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