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Land and Resources, Climate

harmattan, southwest coast, rainy seasons, dry seasons, Accra

Ghana's tropical climate features distinct wet and dry seasons, with regional variations. The north experiences one long rainy season from March until November, when a hot, Saharan wind known as the harmattan blows from the north and brings the dry season. The south experiences two rainy seasons: one from April to July, and then—after intermittent rains in August—another from September to November. The harmattan is most intense in December and January. In Accra, average daily temperatures range from 23° to 31°C (73° to 87°F) in January and from 23° to 27°C (73° to 81°F) in July. Slightly hotter average temperatures are experienced in the north. Rainfall varies widely. The northern portion of the country is drier than the south, with the exception of the coastal area around Accra. The mean annual rainfall ranges from 750 to 1,000 mm (30 to 40 in) at Accra, from 1,470 to 1,830 mm (60 to 70 in) on the Kwahu Plateau, from 1,780 to 2,080 mm (70 to 80 in) on the southwest coast, and from 1,100 to 1,200 mm (40 to 50 in) in the northern high plains. The country experiences occasional droughts.

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harmattan, southwest coast, rainy seasons, dry seasons, Accra, northern portion, coastal area, exception


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