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Guinea, Government

Under the 1982 constitution, a president, elected by universal suffrage to a seven-year term, was chief of state, the government, and the armed forces. The unicameral National Assembly, consisting of 210 members, was chosen by popular vote from a single slate of candidates from the country’s sole political party, the Democratic Party of Guinea. After a military coup in April 1984, this party was outlawed, the constitution suspended, and the parliament dissolved. Guinea was then ruled by a president as head of the 17-member Military Committee for National Rectification. In 1990 a new constitution was approved in a national referendum. It authorized a transitional government to oversee the change to a two-party, civilian system with a unicameral legislature of 114 seats and universal adult suffrage. In 1992 amendments authorized an unlimited number of political parties. Presidential elections were held late in 1993; legislative elections, after being postponed several times, took place in 1995.

 
 

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