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Economy, Communications

East African Standard, Kenya Television Network, Kenyan government, KANU, daily newspapers

Historically, the Kenyan government exercised tight control over the media, although it owns only a portion of it. However, the advent of multiparty politics in 1992 brought about an expansion of press freedom. Kenya has five daily newspapers. The leading dailies are the English-language Daily Nation and its Swahili counterpart Taifa Leo, and the English daily The East African Standard. These and most other periodicals are published in Nairobi. The daily newspaper with the largest circulation and the most influence is the Daily Nation. The English Kenya Times and the affiliated Swahili Kenya Leo are owned by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), the ruling party. Following political reforms of late 1997, a lively alternative press has emerged in the form of inexpensive newspapers such as the biweeklies The Star and The Dispatch. The state-owned Kenya Broadcasting Corporation operates radio and television stations serving most of Kenya; it offers programs in English, Swahili, and vernacular languages. Private FM radio stations have also been licensed to serve the Nairobi market. The Kenya Television Network serves the Nairobi area. Radio ownership is widespread among Kenyans, but television ownership is restricted mainly to the middle and upper classes. Telephone service has expanded over the past two decades, but Kenya still has only 10 telephones for every 1,000 residents. Access to the Internet is limited to affluent individuals and companies located in Nairobi and other major cities.

Article key phrases:

East African Standard, Kenya Television Network, Kenyan government, KANU, daily newspapers, ruling party, Kenyans, upper classes, Dispatch, Telephone service, telephones, major cities, television stations, periodicals, programs, Internet, portion, residents, companies, decades, media, Star, influence, Access


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