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Kenya, The People of Kenya

Eastern Rift Valley, chief port, Eldoret, Nakuru, Kisumu

Kenya’s population at the time of the 1989 census was 21,443,636. In 2002 the population was estimated at 31,138,735. Population density is 53 persons per sq km (138 per sq mi). Nearly all of Kenya’s people are black Africans; Arabs, Asians, and Europeans together constituted less than 1 percent of the population at the 1989 census. The rate of population increase in Kenya between 1980 and 1990 was 3.4 percent, one of the highest in the world; by 2002 the rate of increase had declined to 1.1 percent. In 2002 Kenya’s birth rate was estimated at 28 per 1,000 and its death rate at 15 per 1,000. The average life expectancy at birth in Kenya is 47 years. The high birthrate and low life expectancy have combined to give Kenya a young population: 50 percent of the people are younger than age 15.

Some 67 percent of Kenya’s population lives in rural areas, and about the same percentage is concentrated in the fertile southern half of the country. The country’s largest cites are Nairobi, the capital and chief manufacturing center; Mombasa, the nation’s principal seaport; and Kisumu, the chief port on Lake Victoria. Smaller cities include Nakuru, a commercial and manufacturing center in the Eastern Rift Valley; and Eldoret, an industrial center in western Kenya.

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Article key phrases:

Eastern Rift Valley, chief port, Eldoret, Nakuru, Kisumu, industrial center, Lake Victoria, death rate, average life expectancy, Mombasa, census, Nairobi, Arabs, Europeans, black Africans, Population density, western Kenya, rural areas, capital, percentage, Asians, percent, rate of increase, world, persons, years, time


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