Malangatana, Chopi, modern artists, national archives, Maputo
Many of the cultural traditions of the Mozambican people survived centuries of colonialism. The Makonde in the north are renowned for their ebony sculptures and masks. The Chopi of the south central coast are famous for their complex musical arrangements and dance. Mozambique’s tradition of visual art has produced several modern artists who have achieved international renown. One of the most famous Mozambican artists is Malangatana, whose paintings portray the sufferings of the colonial period and the civil war.
Many of the country’s museums, libraries, and other cultural institutions were destroyed in the civil war. Among those that survived were the national archives in Maputo, which were enlarged and reorganized after independence.
A portion of Mozambique’s historic architecture survived the civil war intact. Many of the coastal towns, especially in the Muslim north, feature buildings with Islamic arches and columns. The island town of Mocambique, also in the north, has several Portuguese-style churches and military and public buildings dating to the earliest colonial days.
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