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Mozambique, The People of Mozambique

Quelimane, Nampula, Xai-Xai, population of Mozambique, extreme south

Mozambique had an estimated population of 19,607,519 in 2002, giving the country an average density of 25 persons per sq km (64 per sq mi). Despite a dozen years of civil war, the country doubled its population between 1970 and 1998. Many people fled to cities during the war, but the population of Mozambique remains overwhelmingly rural.

All of Mozambique’s major cities are found along the coast. The capital, Maputo, lies in the extreme south of the country and is the only city with major industrial activity. Beira, south of the Zambezi Delta, is Mozambique’s second largest city. Badly damaged during the civil war, Beira had started only in the late 1990s to reclaim its status as the major port of entry for goods bound for Zimbabwe. Most of Mozambique’s other cities and towns became swollen with refugees during the war. In the south the ports of Inhambane and Xai-Xai are important urban centers, and north of the Zambezi the main towns are Quelimane, Nampula, and Pemba. Inland towns such as the provincial capital Tete, in western Mozambique, have little economic importance.

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Article key phrases:

Quelimane, Nampula, Xai-Xai, population of Mozambique, extreme south, Pemba, Beira, estimated population, Maputo, civil war, average density, refugees, main towns, Zimbabwe, economic importance, largest city, goods, coast, cities, country, status, persons, people


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