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The People of Mozambique, Education

African education, Maputo, civil war, Schooling, literacy

Although the Portuguese invested heavily in education in the last decade of their rule, for centuries before that they actively suppressed African education. As a result, 90 percent of Mozambicans were believed to be illiterate at independence in 1975. The first Mozambican government mounted a campaign for literacy and made education compulsory for children from ages 6 to 12, or for a total of 7 years. Schooling, however, was disrupted by the civil war, continuing only in the towns that escaped the fighting. By 2001 only 62 of the population was literate. In 1998 an estimated 71 percent of primary-school-aged children attended school, and only 9 percent of secondary-school-aged children were enrolled. The country’s three institutions of higher education enrolled just 8,542 students. Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo is Mozambique’s only university.

Article key phrases:

African education, Maputo, civil war, Schooling, literacy, independence, fighting, centuries, towns, Portuguese, campaign, rule, decade, population, ages, result, students, total, school-aged children, years


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