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History, South Africa’s Occupation

SWAPO, Sam Nujoma, International Court of Justice, eviction, Ethiopia

Aroused by steps that the government of South Africa was taking to establish apartheid in the mandated territory, Ethiopia and Liberia took the case to the International Court of Justice, but the court dismissed the complaint in 1966 on technical grounds. In October of that year the apartheid laws of South Africa were extended to the country. The UN continued to debate the question, and in June 1971 the International Court of Justice ruled that the South African presence in Namibia was illegal. South Africa, however, continued to govern the territory. As a result, the South-West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO), a black African nationalist movement led by Sam Nujoma, escalated its guerrilla campaign to oust the South Africans. The major Western powers, principally the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and West Germany (now part of the united Federal Republic of Germany), became deeply involved in the Namibian question in the late 1970s. South Africa continued to resist eviction until December 1988, when it agreed to allow Namibia to become independent in exchange for the removal of Cuban troops from neighboring Angola.

Article key phrases:

SWAPO, Sam Nujoma, International Court of Justice, eviction, Ethiopia, West Germany, Liberia, South Africans, complaint, exchange, Canada, government of South Africa, steps, result, country, United Kingdom, year, United States, case


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