Land and Resources, Environmental Issues
overgrazing, desertification, wildlife populations, endangered species, international treaties
Soil erosion and desertification resulting from overgrazing and poor land management have reduced the productivity of the countryís farmland. Burning wood and other traditional fuels accounts for 80 percent of the countryís energy consumption, and the need for firewood is contributing to deforestation.
Nigerís poorly developed infrastructure contributes to the spread of infectious diseases. Only 61 percent (1990-1998 estimate) of Nigerís population has access to safe water, and only 19 percent (1990-1998 estimate) of the population is serviced by adequate sewage systems.
About 7.7 percent (1997) of Nigerís land is officially protected. Although Niger has banned hunting throughout the country, rampant poaching seriously threatens wildlife populations.
Niger has ratified international treaties protecting biodiversity, endangered species, wetlands, and the ozone layer.
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