unequal distribution of wealth, corrupt governments, wetter, slave trade, city-states
People have lived in what is now known as Nigeria since at least 9000 bc, and evidence indicates that since at least 5000 bc some of them have practiced settled agriculture. In the early centuries ad, kingdoms emerged in the drier, northern savanna, prospering from trade ties with North Africa. At roughly the same time, the wetter, southern forested areas yielded city-states and looser federations sustained by agriculture and coastal trade. These systems changed radically with the arrival of Europeans in the late 15th century, the rise of the slave trade from the 16th through the 19th century, and formal colonization by Britain at the end of 19th century. Nigeria achieved independence in 1960 but has since been plagued by unequal distribution of wealth and ineffective, often corrupt governments.
>> Precolonial History of the Savanna
>> Precolonial History of the Forest and Coast
>> Colonial Expansion
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