Land and Resources, Environmental Issues
Soil exhaustion, populated countries, Rwandans, overgrazing, biological weapons
Rwanda is one of the smallest and most densely populated countries in Africa, and its land is intensively farmed. About 92 percent (1990) of the Rwandan workforce is involved in agriculture. Soil exhaustion and overgrazing are leading to desertification throughout the country.
Forests cover about 12.5 percent (2000) of Rwanda. Although Rwandans rely on traditional fuels such as firewood for about 88 percent (1997) of their energy, the country’s forests have been preserved through reforestation efforts.
Rwanda has designated 14.7 percent (1997) of its land as protected area. Rwanda has ratified international agreements protecting biodiversity and endangered species. It has also signed international agreements limiting chemical and biological weapons and trade involving endangered species. Rwanda is party to the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources and participates in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Man and the Biosphere Program.
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