South Africa supplies, Electricity Supply Commission, national power grid, Koeberg, hydroelectric power stations
Coal provides about 75 percent of primary energy needs. Most electricity is generated in coal-fired power stations located on or near the main coal fields in Gauteng, Free State, and northern KwaZulu-Natal. Coal is also the basic raw material for synthetic fuel plants at Sasolburg in Free State and Secunda in Mpumalanga. There are two hydroelectric power stations, two pumped storage schemes (excess water is pumped uphill into reservoirs for use during periods of high demand), and two gas-turbine stations. South Africa’s one nuclear power station at Koeberg in Western Cape serves the part of the country most remote from the coal fields.
Eskom, the Electricity Supply Commission, distributes electricity through a national power grid. South Africa supplies more than half the electricity generated in the whole of Africa, but only about half the households in the country have electricity. Electrification programs are under way in many townships, and the government plans to put electricity in 2.5 million rural homes by 2015 using solar energy.
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