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The Establishment of the Afrikaner Republics, The British in Natal
Zulu military, Cetshwayo, Zulu king, Tugela, Zululand
Before 1879 the Thukela (Tugela) River was the boundary between Zululand and Natal. Cetshwayo, who became the Zulu king in the 1870s, assembled an army estimated at 60,000 and refused to disband it when the British insisted that he do so. British troops invaded but were not prepared for the terrain, and a large number of them were killed. In July 1879, however, the British won a battle in the Zulu capital of Ulundi. This defeat permanently neutralized the Zulu military.
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