Economy, Transportation and Communications
Sudan Airways, Port Sudan, southern Sudan, navigable waterways, radio receivers
The Sudanese railroad system, comprising 4,595 km (2,855 mi) of track, links most of the major cities and towns. Supplementing the railroad system is traffic on 5,300 km (3,300 mi) of navigable waterways and 11,900 km (7,394 mi) of roads. Many of the roads, however, are dirt tracks. A paved highway between Khartoum and Port Sudan was completed in 1980. A government-owned airline, Sudan Airways, maintains regular services throughout the country and operates scheduled international flights. Several foreign airlines also serve Sudan.
Telephone, telegraph, and postal services are administered by government monopolies. In 1974 an earth satellite station was opened, which greatly improved international communications. The governmentís Sudan Broadcasting Service provides radio service in Arabic, English, and several languages spoken in southern Sudan. Television broadcasting was begun in 1962; in the early 1990s about 60 hours per week of programming were telecast. In 1997 there were 272 radio receivers and 86 television sets for every 1,000 inhabitants. Sudanís independent newspapers were closed by the government after the 1989 coup.
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