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Uganda, History

Paraa, Kagera, Iron smelting, Bigo, descendants

The earliest inhabitants of Uganda were hunters and gatherers who lived more than 50,000 years ago and whose stone axes have been found near the villages of Mweya and Kagera in the southwest and at Paraa in the northwest. Their descendants retreated to the mountains between 2,500 and 3,000 years ago when Bantu-speaking farmers moved into forested areas and cleared the land for crops. Iron smelting by Bantu-speaking cultures has been dated from 2,500 years ago, and Bantu pottery from 1,500 years ago. Bantu-speakers near the shores of Lake Victoria developed the banana as a staple food about 1,000 years ago. Between 600 and 700 years ago the Chwezi, a Bantu subgroup, established settlements at Bigo in western Uganda. The Chwezi were depicted in legends as supernatural, but probably were the ancestors of the regionís present-day Hima and Tutsi herders.

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Article key phrases:

Paraa, Kagera, Iron smelting, Bigo, descendants, staple food, gatherers, banana, legends, ancestors, farmers, mountains, northwest, hunters, crops, land, cultures, years


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