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Uganda, People and Society

Mpigi, Mbale, Masaka, fertility rate, Jinja

The 1991 Uganda census counted 16,671,705 people. By 2002 the population had grown to an estimated 24.7 million Ugandans, giving the country a population density of 102 per sq km (265 per sq mi). The estimated growth rate of the population in 2002 was 2.9 percent. The birth rate was 47 per 1,000 people and the death rate 18 per 1,000. Life expectancy at birth was 43.8 years. The fertility rate, the number of births per woman, was 6.8. Almost all Ugandans are black Africans. Foreign residents make up less than 4 percent of the population and come mostly from neighboring states. The population is concentrated in the south, particularly in the crescent at the edge of Lake Victoria and in the southwest.

Uganda is predominantly rural, with only 14 percent of the population living in urban areas. Kampala, near Lake Victoria, is Uganda’s intellectual and business center and its only city. Jinja, the most important industrial center, is located on the Nile at Lake Victoria. The next largest towns are Mbale, Masaka, Mpigi, and Mbarara.

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Mpigi, Mbale, Masaka, fertility rate, Jinja, Ugandans, Lake Victoria, birth rate, death rate, Nile, number of births, Life expectancy, black Africans, business center, population density, crescent, urban areas, percent, woman, population, country, south, people, years


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