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People and Society, Social Issues

linked problems, unclean water, Ugandans, dysentery, poor sanitation

Poverty and disease are linked problems in Uganda that are compounded by poor sanitation, unclean water, and inadequate housing. Only 52 percent of the population has access to clean water. Although food is easily grown in Uganda, sporadic droughts cause severe famines. Uganda suffers from a very high infection rate of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) estimated 820,000 Ugandans were infected with AIDS in 1999. The other most common ailments include prenatal and maternal conditions, malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhea. Infectious diseases, such as meningitis, cholera, dysentery, plague, and human sleeping sickness, have occurred more frequently as a result of the breakdown of the health system during the Idi Amin regime in the 1970s.

Article key phrases:

linked problems, unclean water, Ugandans, dysentery, poor sanitation, International Bank, cholera, plague, World Bank, meningitis, health system, malaria, Poverty, pneumonia, common ailments, breakdown, HIV, immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS, Reconstruction, human immunodeficiency virus, population, Development, access


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