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History, Transitional Government

loya jirga, Hamid Karzai, grand council, Kabul, general elections

United Nations-sponsored negotiations in Bonn, Germany, resulted in agreement on December 5, 2001, among four major Afghan factions to create an interim post-Taliban administration in Afghanistan. Hamid Karzai, a widely respected Pashtun leader, was chosen to head the interim administration, which took power in Kabul on December 22. A 4,500-member international peacekeeping force maintained a measure of law and order in the capital. Karzai’s administration was given up to six months to prepare the country for the introduction of a broad-based, multiethnic transitional government. In January 2002 international donors—including more than 60 countries, major development institutions, and nongovernmental organizations—pledged more than $4.5 billion in aid to Afghanistan over a period of five years. In April deposed Afghan king Zahir Shah returned to Afghanistan, ending nearly three decades of exile, in order to serve a symbolic role in the country. In June he formally convened the loya jirga, or grand council, which was responsible for electing a transitional government to rule the country for 18 months, until general elections are held in 2004. The loya jirga elected Karzai interim president of Afghanistan.

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loya jirga, Hamid Karzai, grand council, Kabul, general elections, Bonn, capital, Germany, aid, nongovernmental organizations, power, countries, agreement, country, period, introduction, months, years, order


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