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Land and Resources, Rivers

laden water, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, navigable rivers, Meghna

Rivers are a prominent and important feature of the landscape in Bangladesh. The country includes about 200 navigable rivers. Two of South Asia’s largest rivers, the Ganges and Brahmaputra (locally known as the Jamuna), flow into Bangladesh, where they join to form the Padma. The Padma merges with the Meghna southeast of Dhaka; the combined rivers then empty into the Bay of Bengal. In the dry season other deltaic distributaries that lace the terrain to the west of the Meghna may be several kilometers wide as they near the Bay of Bengal, whereas at the height of the summer monsoon season they coalesce into an extremely broad expanse of silt-laden water. In much of the delta, therefore, homes must be constructed on earthen platforms or embankments high enough to remain above the level of all but the highest floods. In nonmonsoon months the exposed ground is pocked with water-filled borrow pits, or tanks, from which the mud for the embankments was excavated. These tanks are a chief source of water for drinking, bathing, and small-scale irrigation.

Article key phrases:

laden water, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, navigable rivers, Meghna, Ganges, Bay of Bengal, Dhaka, embankments, Bangladesh, pits, tanks, bathing, mud, dry season, terrain, drinking, homes, important feature, landscape, west, height, flow, country, level


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