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Agriculture, Fiber Crops

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Yangtze delta, Sericulture, ramie, raw silk

Since 1949 the Communist government has given increasing attention to the expansion of crops for the textile industry. The most important of these crops is cotton, of which China is the world's leading producer. Although cotton can be grown in almost all parts of China, the principal cotton-growing areas are the Huabei Pingyuan, the Huangtu Gaoyuan, the Yangtze River delta, the middle Yangtze Valley, and Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in Northwest China. The Huabei Pingyuan yields about half the country's total cotton output.

Other important fibers grown in China include ramie and flax, which are used for linen and other fine cloths, and jute and hemp, which are made into sacks and rope. Ramie, a native Chinese plant similar to hemp, is grown chiefly in the Yangtze Valley; flax is a northern crop. The main jute-growing areas are in Zhejiang and Guangdong provinces. Another traditional Chinese product is raw silk. Sericulture, the raising of silkworms, is practiced in central and southern China, notably in the Yangtze delta and some parts of Sichuan.

Article key phrases:

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Yangtze delta, Sericulture, ramie, raw silk, Yangtze River delta, Communist government, textile industry, southern China, hemp, Northwest China, flax, sacks, Zhejiang, linen, rope


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