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Industry, Mining

antimony ore, Daqing, phosphate rock, magnesite, Shengli

China has many mineral resources, including large deposits of some industrially important minerals. In 1999 China produced 1.01 billion metric tons of coal, the largest production in the world. Coal is China’s leading fuel for industrial and home use, so most of the coal produced is for the domestic market. There are many small coal mines throughout the country, but the major centers are located north of the Yangtze River, especially in Shanxi Province.

Rapid development of the petroleum industry since the 1950s has made China one of the world's major oil producers. China became self-sufficient in gasoline products in 1963, although the per capita consumption level was very low; by 1973 the country was able to export both crude oil and refined petroleum products. Major oil fields include Daqing in Heilongjiang, Shengli in Shandong, and Liaohe in Liaoning. The nation's largest petroleum reserves are found in the Tarim Pendi, an arid basin in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

From 1992 to 1996 iron ore production expanded by 26 percent per year; in 2000 total output was 67.2 million tons. China must import additional iron ore to supply its huge steel industry. China is a leading producer of natural graphite. Other minerals produced in significant quantities include salt, magnesite, phosphate rock, bauxite, manganese, sulfur, zinc, copper, lead, antimony ore, tin, tungsten, and mercury.

Article key phrases:

antimony ore, Daqing, phosphate rock, magnesite, Shengli, Shanxi Province, large deposits, Heilongjiang, Yangtze River, important minerals, crude oil, tin, bauxite, petroleum industry, mineral resources, Shandong, sulfur, manganese, domestic market, zinc, copper, salt, home use, China, percent, Rapid development, country, world, year


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