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Modern China, The People's Republic

Geneva Accords, Manchus, Chinese troops, Indochina War, Xinjiang

The new Communist government, a one-party state under the rule of the CCP, brought an end to the long period of Western imperialist involvement in China. Regions within the country’s historic boundaries that had fallen away since the overthrow of the Manchus were reclaimed, including Tibet and Xinjiang in western China. China established alliances with the countries of the emerging Socialist bloc. In 1950 China and the USSR signed a treaty of friendship and alliance, and in supplementary agreements the Soviets gave up their privileges in Northeast China. During the Korean War (1950-1953), Chinese troops aided the Communist regime of North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces. China also aided the Communist insurgents fighting the French in Vietnam, and Chinese premier Zhou Enlai played an important role in negotiating the 1954 Geneva Accords that ended the hostilities known as the First Indochina War.

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Article key phrases:

Geneva Accords, Manchus, Chinese troops, Indochina War, Xinjiang, Soviets, Korean War, western China, CCP, Tibet, hostilities, Northeast China, USSR, privileges, Vietnam, alliances, rule, Regions, countries, French, important role


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