artificial fibers, Important industries, railway engines, electrical machinery, industrialization
The government’s push for industrialization beginning in the late 1950s gave India a diversified and substantial manufacturing sector. Industrial production has steadily increased since that time, accelerating in the 1980s and 1990s. Important industries include textiles, iron and steel, food products, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, and nonferrous metals. India also is a significant producer of fertilizer, refined petroleum products, chemicals, and computer software.
India manufactures a large proportion of its own requirements for aluminum, copper, machine tools and heavy electrical equipment, artificial fibers and plastics, vehicles of all kinds from bicycles to trucks and railway engines, and pharmaceuticals, chemical products, home appliances, and televisions. Annual production of passenger cars went from 47,000 in 1970-1971 to 414,200 in 1995-1996. Bicycle production went from 2 million to 9.4 million in the same period. High-technology items such as computers are manufactured in collaboration with foreign companies. In the 1990s India’s computer software industry expanded enormously.
Article key phrases: