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The Mughal Empire, Maratha Confederacy

Marathas, Mughal Empire, Tanjore, Bay of Bengal, central India

Despite these outside sieges upon Delhi, it was the Marathas who first attempted to appropriate the lands of the Mughal Empire. Moving from the northwestern Deccan Plateau, they seized lands in Gujarat in the 1720s, central India in the 1730s, the provinces up to the Bay of Bengal in the 1750s, and south India as far as Tanjore (Thanjavur) in what is now Tamil Nadu in the 1760s. They were defeated by the Afghans on the Panipat battlefield in 1761, preventing them from expanding any farther north. The Marathas held mainly nominal control of much of the land they conquered and did not collect taxes from many areas. The Sikhs, whose persecution under the later Mughals provoked them to transform themselves into a community of warriors, built a kingdom in the Punjab in the late 18th century.

Article key phrases:

Marathas, Mughal Empire, Tanjore, Bay of Bengal, central India, Sikhs, Punjab, Afghans, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur, persecution, south India, provinces, lands, Delhi, taxes, century, kingdom, areas


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