Government, Social Services
puskesmas, Infant mortality rates, mobile health services, safe water, Ministry of Health
In 1999 Indonesia was ranked 102nd of the 162 countries on the United Nations Development Programís human development index, with 1st being best and 162nd being worst. Infant mortality rates in 2002 were 40 deaths per 1,000 live births, down from 90 per 1,000 in 1980. In 2000, 90 percent of the urban population and 69 percent of the rural population had access to safe water; 55 percent of the total population had access to adequate sanitation. Some 12 million people were malnourished.
The Ministry of Health has emphasized providing basic health care, chiefly by creating public health centers known as puskesmas. Supervised by a doctor, puskesmas are located in rural areas. Most doctors and hospitals are located in urban areas, and mobile health services are used to reach remote areas.
Article key phrases: