Macau, Land and Resources
Coloane, low hills, Typhoons, South China Sea, causeway
Macau covers a total land area of 21 sq km (8.3 sq mi). It consists of the narrow peninsula of Macau and the islands of Taipa and Coloane. Macau’s total area is growing as extensive land reclamation projects add new area to the islands and peninsula. This effort is expected to continue because Macau has a scarcity of level land suitable for development. Bridges and a causeway, or raised highway, link the islands to the peninsula. At the north end of the peninsula, where Macau borders Guangdong Province, the land forms a narrow isthmus.
Macau’s terrain consists of low hills, with no elevation greater than 200 m (650 ft). On the western side of the peninsula, one of the main channels of the Xi He (West River) empties into the South China Sea. Macau has hot, humid summers; cool, dry autumns; and comparatively mild and dry winters with no frost. January temperatures average 16°C (61°F), while temperatures in July average 26°C (79°F). Annual precipitation averages 2,000 mm (80 in), with most rainfall occurring during the summer months. Typhoons in summer and early autumn sometimes produce heavy rainfall and flooding that can cause serious damage to crops and other property.
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