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Economy, Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing

profitable crops, plantation agriculture, West Malaysia, Sabah, pineapples

Some 6 percent of Malaysia’s land is under cultivation for field crops and 18 percent is used for plantation agriculture. Malaysia ranks as the world’s leading producer and exporter of palm oil, which accounted for 5 percent of export earnings in the early 1990s. The country was also once the leading producer of natural rubber, though in the early 1990s Thailand and Indonesia surpassed Malaysia after Malaysia began shifting to more profitable crops such as palm oil. Other important cash crops are cacao, sugarcane, pepper, coconuts, and pineapples. The principal subsistence crop is rice, though cassava and bananas are also important. The country is a leading world supplier of tropical hardwoods. Most of the exported raw timber comes from Sabah and Sarawak, while West Malaysia provides finished goods such as plywood. In 1997 Malaysia’s annual fish catch was 1.3 million metric tons, nearly all of it from ocean waters.

Article key phrases:

profitable crops, plantation agriculture, West Malaysia, Sabah, pineapples, ocean waters, coconuts, cassava, metric tons, cacao, field crops, Sarawak, bananas, cultivation, plywood, sugarcane, finished goods, rice, pepper, country


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