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Land and Resources, Climate

northeast monsoon, southwest monsoon, Mandalay, equator, average monthly temperature

The climate of Myanmar and other countries in South and Southeast Asia follows a monsoon pattern. During the half of the year that the suns rays strike directly above the equator, the land mass of Asia is heated more than is the Indian Ocean. This draws moist hot air from over the ocean onto the land, bringing the rains of the southwest monsoon. When the tilt of the earth brings the direct sun rays south of the equator, the heating of the Indian Ocean draws the cooler dry air of the northeast monsoon from the highlands of Asia across the countries of South and Southeast Asia. As a result, Myanmar has three seasons: hot and wet, warm, and very hot. During the hot, wet season, from mid-May to October, rain usually falls every day and sometimes all day. Almost all of Myanmars annual rainfall falls during this time. In the cooler season, which runs from late October to mid-February, the temperature for January averages 25C (77F) in Yangon in Lower Myanmar and 20C (68F) in Mandalay in Upper Myanmar. The hottest season runs from late February to early May. At the end of this season, the average monthly temperature reaches the upper 30s C (lower 100s F) in many parts of Myanmar. By July rains have brought the average temperature down to 29C (84F) in Mandalay and 27C (81F) in Yangon. Average annual rainfall varies from about 5,000 mm (about 200 in) on the Tenasserim Coast to about 760 mm (about 30 in) at Mandalay.

Article key phrases:

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